The Brain & Occupational Therapy

Frontal Lobe—associated with reasoning, planning, parts of speech, movement, emotions, and problem solving

Parietal Lobe—associated with movement, orientation, recognition, perception of stimuli

Occipital Lobe—associated with visual processing

Temporal Lobe—associated with perception and recognition of auditory stimuli, memory, and speech

Cerebellum—regulates motor movements, coordinates voluntary movements: posture, balance, coordination, and speech, resulting in smooth and balanced muscular activity and is important for learning motor behaviors.This system contains the thalamus, hypothalamus, amygdala, and hippocampus:

Thalamus—a major clearinghouse for information going to and from the spinal cord and the cerebrum.

Hypothalamus—an important emotional center, controlling the molecules that make you feel exhilarated, angry, or unhappy.

Amygdala—located in the temporal lobe; involved in memory, emotion, anxiety and fear.

Hippocampus—memory indexer—sending memories out to the appropriate part of the cerebral hemisphere for long-term storage and retrieving them when necessary.

Those suffering from Attention Deficit (Hyperactivity) Disorder/ADD, anxiety and depression, can best manage their symptoms by engaging in Occupational Therapy techniques, exercises and activities that promote right brain/left brain integration, and greater balance of stimulation of the outer and inner brain. By so doing, dominant ‘negative’ emotions decrease, one dilutes the impact of negative stimulation, memory and recall are improved, attention to detail maximizes, motor performance improves, time management awareness is better regulated; one can learn how to improve independence in symptom and mood management!